At the end of the 17th century, the central government of the Qing Dynasty began to administrate Living Buddhas reincarnation affairs of Tibetan region for the first time.
In 1682, upon passing away of the fifth Dalai Lama, Desi Sangye Gyatso (1679-1703), contending power with Mongol Khoshut Khan, concealed the Living Buddha's death without reporting to the central government and investigated reincarnated soul boy secretly. In 1696, Emperor Kangxi approved Tsangyang Gyatso (1683-1706), recognized by Sdepa Sangye Gyatso, as the sixth Dalai Lama after getting to know the truth. In 1697, Tsangyang Gyatso was greeted to the Nagarze. He was tonsured and received his getsul vows and given Buddhist name by the fifth Panchen Erdeni. He was enthroned in the Potala Palace. Emperor Kangxi (1654-1722) dispatched the second Changkya Hutuktu (1642-1714) to take care of the enthronement, which was the first time the central government of the Qing Dynasty administrated the Dalai Lama reincarnation affairs and was the beginning of direct administration of Living Buddha reincarnation affairs as well.
In 1705, Khoshut Lajang Khan (1656-1717) murdered Sangye Gyatso, deposed Tsangyang Gyatso and escorted to Beijing and appointed Yeshe Gyatso as the sixth Dalai Lama. Emperor Kangxi agreed to Lajang Khan's request for the sake of stability of Tibetan society and conferred the golden seal to Yeshe Gyatso. With discontent for Lajang Khan's disposing of Tsangyang Gyatso and his new appointment, monks and laymen in Tibet and various Mongol tribes in Qinghai recognized Lozang Gyatso (1708-1757), born in present-day Lithang of Sichuan Province, as the reincarnated soul boy of Tsangyang Gyatso. Lozang Gyatso was greeted into Kumbum Monastery in Qinghai by Mongol leaders of Qinghai. The Qing Dynasty admitted Lozang Gyatso as Dalai Lama to gain support from Mongol leaders of Qinghai. In 1720, Emperor Kangxi conferred the title "Leader of the Creatures, Diffuser of the Teaching the Sixth (Seventh) Dalai Lama" to him, and ordered the Emperor's son, Yunti, to bring the golden seal and the golden album to Kumbum Monastery and conferred to Lozang Gyatso.
Alerted by the dispute from 1697 to 1720 upon Dalai Lama's reincarnated soul boys, the Qing Court realized that sound administration of the Dalai Lama reincarnation played a key role in ensuring stability of Mongol and Tibetan areas. Therefore, the Qing Court began to make effort to constantly strengthen the administration of Living Buddha reincarnation affairs.
In 1725, the Qing Dynasty decreed order to let local laymen nobles administrate Tibetan affairs. In 1727, the Qing Dynasty sent troops to settle down the dispute within Tibetan upper class, and then set up the Amban to supervise over Tibetan local administration and religion affairs. The Qing Dynasty let the seventh Dalai Lama move to reside in Taining of Sichuan. In 1735, Emperor Yongzheng (1678-1735) dispatched officials to convoy the seventh Dalai Lama back to Lhasa, and ordered Pholhanas (1689-1747) to administrate Tibetan affairs while the Dalai Lama administrated religious affairs (refer to Illustrations 12, refer to Illustrations 87). In 1750, Gyumey Namgyel (?-1750) rebelled and murdered the Amban. The Qing Dynasty sent troops again to crush the rebellion. In 1751, the Qing Dynasty decreed the "Thirteen-Article Ordinance for the More Efficient Governing of Tibet" and established the administrative regulations with the Dalai Lama taking both institutional and religious power, along with the Amban jointly administrating Tibetan affairs.
In 1737, upon the fifth Panchen Erdeni passing away, the central government of the Qing Dynasty administrated the procedures of his reincarnated soul boy recognition. In 1740, after searching by the Lamas of Tashilhunpo Monastery and Dharmapala Seance, representatives assigned by seventh Dalai Lama along with Tibetan local officers jointly confirmed the reincarnated soul boy of the fifth Panchen Erdeni. The Amban Jishan reported to Emperor Qianlong and got approval . The seventh Dalai Lama gave him the name Lozang Palden Yeshe (1738-1780). In 1741, Emperor Qianlong dispatched special envoy Pholhanas to Tashilhunpo Monastery to congratulate on the enthronement ceremony.
In 1757, upon the seventh Dalai Lama passing away, Emperor Qianlong dispatched the third Changkya Hutuktu (1717-1780) to Tibet for presiding over searching for and recognizing the reincarnated soul boys, and appointed Demo Hutuktu Ngawang Jampel Deleck Gyatso (1722-1777) acting as regent to take the religious and administrative power from Dalai Lama, which established the regent regulations, i.e. during the period from the passing away of the previous Dalai Lama to the new Dalai Lama's coming into power, central governments appointed regents to take the Dalai Lama's power .
Through inspection by the third Changkya Hutuktu along with sixth Panchen Erdeni, they recognized a boy born in Tuobujia in Gtsang (present-day Namling County) as the reincarnated soul boy. After getting approval from Emperor Qianlong, the soul boy was greeted into Tashilhunpo Monastery in 1761, tonsured and ordained by the sixth Panchen Erdeni and given the Buddhist name Jampel Gyatso (1758-1804). In 1762, Jampel Gyatso was enthroned in the Potala Palace after getting approval from Emperor Qianlong as the eighth Dalai Lama. Emperor Qianlong dispatched Khalkha Mongol prince and Akya Hutuktu of Kumbum Monastery of Qinghai resident in Beijing to oversee the Enthronements. In 1781, Emperor Qianlong conferred the eighth Dalai Lama following the routine (refer to Illustrations 89) and ordered him to come into power in 1784.